Civil War Heritage & History - Fairfax County, Virginia

History

The Civil War - America Divided

While in Virginia, you can appreciate America's history as it is all around you. Imagine: the very ground you stand on was where history was created. Fairfax County is home to several Civil War battle sites, not to mention the area's proximity to other major Civil War battlefields in Virginia.

While on your vacation, take a Civil War tour to walk the very trails that the soldiers from both North and South walked. Relive history and watch reenactments of Civil War battles take place right before your very eyes.

Some of the most notable Civil War sites and battlefields include: Captain John Quincy Marr Monument, Fort Marcy, Freedom Hill Park, and the Mount Gilead House. With over 30 Civil War battlefields and sites to choose from, we're sure even the greatest of history buffs will be impressed! Don't forget to watch for those historic markers. Be sure to visit the Civil War Interpretive Center at Historic Blenheim, a beautiful museum and open air park, to find more information on the Civil War.

While on your vacation to Virginia, don't forget to re-learn a bit of American history.

 

Priority Listings

  • Civil War Interpretive Center at Historic Blenheim

    3610 Old Lee Highway
    Fairfax, VA 22030
    Phone: (703) 591-0560

    The City of Fairfax purchased the historic Blenheim estate in 1999 to preserve and develop into a Civil War house museum and open-air park. Blenheim is a c.1859 central-hall-plan brick farmhouse on 12 acres. It is nationally significant for the 100+ signatures, art, and poetry created by Union soldiers, a "diary on walls" providing insight into typical soldier life, during the Civil War. The site annually hosts the popular Fairfax Civil War Day occurring on Saturday, April 26, 2014. More Info

  • Blackburns Ford Historical Marker

    Blackburns Ford

    Sully Road, Centreville, VA 20121

    Sharp firefight along a stretch of Bull Run that was formidably defended, and contributed to McDowell’s decision to focus the Union efforts elsewhere along the Confederate line before the Battle of Fi…

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  • Captain John Quincy Marr Monument

    Captain John Quincy Marr Monument

    4000 Chain Bridge Road, Fairfax, VA 22030

    Dedicated to the memory of Captain John Quincy Marr, the first Confederate officer to be killed in the Civil War. Union cavalry attacked the City at 3:00 a.m. on June 1, 1861. The Warrenton rifles com…

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  • Dr. William Gunnell House Marker

    Dr. William Gunnell House

    10520 Main Street, Fairfax, VA 22030

    It was in this house that Ranger John Mosby captured the Union area commander Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, in bed, the night of March 9, 1863. Mosby awoke the general with a slap. "Get up, general, …

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  • Dranesville Tavern Exterior

    Dranesville Tavern

    11919 Leesburg Pike, Dranesville, VA 22066

    During the Civil War, the area around the tavern served as one of the outermost picket points for the defense of Washington. Troops passed on their way to ford the Potomac and head north. In December …

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  • Fairfax City Cemetery

    10567 Main Street, Fairfax, VA 22030

    In 1888, the Confederate Monument Association was formed to erect a suitable monument to both the unknown Confederate dead buried in the cemetery and the Confederate soldiers from Fairfax who lay on b…

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  • Historic Fairfax County Courthouse

    Fairfax County Courthouse

    4000 Chain Bridge Rd., Fairfax, VA 22030

     During the Civil War, this building was occupied by both Union and Confederate troops. In the spring of 1862, the Union Army took possession of the courthouse for the rest of the war. It was reported…

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  • Fairfax Museum Exterior

    Fairfax Museum

    10209 Main St., Fairfax, VA 22030

    The Fairfax Museum, located in the former Fairfax Elementary School, produces special exhibits on the city's history, offers educational programs, and schedules walking tours of the historic district …

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  • Fairfax Station Railroad Museum

    Fairfax Station Railroad Museum

    11200 Fairfax Station Road, Fairfax Station, VA 22039

    Take a step back in time and discover the Fairfax Station Museum and the role it played during the Civil War.  Learn about the humanitarian efforts begun here by Clara Barton, founder of the American …

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  • Flint Hill Cemetery

    Flint Hill Cemetery

    10025 Courthouse Road, Vienna, VA 22181

    Flint Hill Cemetery, located in Oakton, Virginia, is believed to be one of the oldest community cemeteries in Fairfax County. Dating back to 1852, it was originally known as the Flint Hill Burial Grou…

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  • Ford Building

    3977 Chain Bridge Road, Fairfax, VA 22030

    This was the home of Antonia Ford, imprisoned as a spy following Ranger Mosby's night capture of the local Union commander, Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, March 9, 1863. A search of the house had reve…

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  • Fort Marcy Sign

    Fort Marcy

    George Washington Memorial Pkwy, McLean, VA 22101

    Fort Marcy Park is a public park located in Fairfax County, Virginia. It is administered by the National Park Service as part of the George Washington Memorial Parkway.  Fort Marcy is perched 275.4 fe…

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  • Franconia Museum

    6121 Franconia Road, Alexandria, VA 22310

    The Franconia Museum is a private museum dedicated to preserving the past, present, and future of the Franconia area through pictures, artifacts, and stories.

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  • Freedom Hill Sign

    Freedom Hill Park

    8531 Old Courthouse Road, Vienna, VA 22182

    "Fort Freedom Hill” in Vienna, Virginia, was a fortified position and part of the original Defenses of Washington. These locations surrounded the nation's capital and was part of a complex system of C…

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  • Freeman House Museum

    Freeman House Museum

    131 Church St., Vienna, VA 22182

    The Freeman House was constructed to serve as a general store, but took on a number of roles including housing soldiers as a makeshift hospital during the Civil War. The house is now a museum and old-…

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