CIVIL WAR SITES IN THE CAPITAL REGION
On day one, start your day at Manassas National Battlefield Park, the site of two major battles during the Civil War. Make your way into Old Town Manassas and the Manassas Museum before you visit the Historic Centreville District where you'll take in Manassas related sites such as the Old Stone Church, St. John's Episcopal Church, and Mount Gilead. Next, find your way to Ox Hill Battlefield Park, which preserves a portion of the site of the last major battle of the Second Manassas Campaign.
On day two, visitors will swing into Historic Downtown Herndon, the site of a successful St. Patrick's Day raid by Confederate Ranger John Mosby, also known as the Gray Ghost. Then it's up to Antietam Battlefield, in Sharpsburg, Maryland, the site of the single deadliest day of fighting during the Civil War.
On day three, visit the Freeman Store and Museum in Vienna, and then head up to Ball's Bluff, the site of an important Confederate victory. From here, you'll get on the Journey Through Hallowed Ground(Virginia Route 15) and spend the afternoon at Gettysburg National Military Park, the site of three days of grim battle, and the overall deadliest engagement of the war.
Pop into the Historic City of Fairfax to start day four, highlighted by a stop at the Fairfax Museum and Visitors Center and Historic Blenheim, which features some of the greatest preserved Civil War graffiti found anywhere in America. Then make your way through Virginia Hunt Country while visiting the many sites along the Mosby Heritage Area on your way to Winchester. Winchester was the site of innumerable battles and skirmishes, and this city actually changed hands over 70 times during the course of the war.
Day five pays a powerful tribute to the war's end with a visit to Arlington National Cemetery and Arlington House. Arlington House was Robert E. Lee's residence but was taken by Union forces at the beginning of the war to bury their dead after the rest of DC's cemeteries were pushed to capacity. You also want to visit the iconic Lincoln Memorial and the Freedmen's Memorial which depicts Lincoln symbolically freeing the slaves. Then visit the African American Civil War Memorial Museum, the nation's only monument to African American Civil War soldiers. End the day with a visit to Ford's Theatre, where Lincoln was assassinated attending a performance.