The D.C. Workhouse opened in 1910 as an experiment to see if hard work in an open air environment would be an effective deterrent for short term prisoners. Then, in 1912, a Women's Workhouse was opened nearby. Sentences were short, usually for soliciting, prostitution, disorderly conduct and drunkenness. In 1917, women began demonstrating in front of the White House for the right to vote. They decided they would rather be imprisoned than be quiet. Some of those arrested were sentenced to the Women's Workhouse at Lorton. A temporary museum space at the Workhouse Art Center commemorates these women and their actions which led to the 19th Amendment to the Constitution which gave women the right to vote. A larger, permanent museum - the Lucy Burns Museum is slated to open in the summer of 2019.